Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Post-traumatic stress disorder or post-traumatic stress syndrome may develop as a response to experiencing a traumatic event and is often a delayed response to the incident. If a person witnesses or is involved in such an event like a traffic accident, a mugging or attack, a sexual or physical assault, has difficulties during childbirth, a war or man-made or a natural disaster, or loses a relative or friend as a result of one of these experiences, then it can have a deep effect and cause profound emotional injury. These events and experiences, which are outside of our control, may fill us with fear or horror and can cause particularly disturbing psychological symptoms. PTSD may also be diagnosed for those who work in an emergency service or are a rescue worker.
Symptoms of PTSD following a traumatic experience may include feeling emotionally numb to start with, followed by feelings of distress; it is important to note that these may not appear straight away. However emotional and physical reactions are likely to develop at some point causing changes in behaviour. Symptoms of reliving the trauma may include vivid flashbacks, intrusive thoughts and images, nightmares and intense distress at real or symbolic reminders of the trauma. Avoiding memories symptoms include keeping busy, avoiding situations that cause reminders of the trauma, repressing memories, feelings of detachment (being cut off emotionally), inability to express affection, irritability or aggressive behaviour, disturbed sleep patterns, feelings of doom, panic response to anything to do with the trauma.
For many people these symptoms will disappear within a short period of the event, but for those whose symptoms last longer than a month or are very extreme a diagnosis of PTSD may be given. There may be other symptoms including severe anxiety, phobia of depression or suicidal feelings causing a dissociative disorder. There is no time limit on PTSD and some may not develop the symptoms until many years after the event.
It is estimated that up to 3% of the population is likely to be affected by PTSD at some point and anyone can develop following experiences mentioned above.
After a traumatic event, people can often feel dazed, numb and confused and talking about what has happened may be the last thing they want to do. However talking about the feelings may be the best way of coming to terms with the experience and it is vital to talk to someone when ready to do so and not before. Many people experience a period of denial after a traumatic incident or after the loss of a loved one, blocking out the event in a subconscious attempt to cope. However if they withhold this stress for months or years, then it can become deeply rooted and cause serious problems. Some circumvent circumstances that may remind them of the situation or turn to alcohol or drugs in an attempt to avoid painful feelings, emotions and memories. This will not help the situation or deal with the problem as this is just a temporary avoidance technique that can cause more damage in the long run.
Different sorts of trauma have different types of effect. As a survivor of long term child abuse or prolonged torture as an example you may have comparable symptoms to a person who has survived a single traumatic event, or a diagnosis of Complex PTSD may be given which will require longer term intensive treatment than a single trauma event may.
Effective treatment from PTSD does exist and you can recover from the trauma and distress.
Specialized Treatments for trauma include: Trauma Resolution Therapy, EMDR and elements of CBT. At Cortijo Care we have specialists available who are skilled in EMDR and these therapies.
Cortijo Care are here to help.
Treatment at Cortijo Care is set up to help anyone who may be suffering from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and other mental health issues.
Our Rehabilitation programme treats the psychological issues surrounding the mental health problem, enabling clients to learn how to cope with life, learning how to handle emotions and anxieties in a safe place.
Please call us for a no obligation chat on (+34) 952 780 181 about how we can help you or your family member or friend, or complete the contact form and we will get back to you as soon as possible.